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Types of Drug Test Panels and Screenings

Testing locations everywhere.

Types of Drug Test Panels and Screenings

Drug test panels are classified by the substances being screened. They range from 5 panel tests up to 22 panel tests, and the more panels a test includes, the greater its scope.

Find Out More About Each Drug Test

Employee Drug Testing

Companies that require employee drug testing often choose a drug panel based on the requirements of their workplace drug policy. Whether you are legally required to conduct drug screenings, or you've decided to establish a drug-free workplace, you'll need to do some research to find the right drug tests for you.

How Long Do Drugs Last In Your System?

In general, the average window of detection for drugs in any panel drug test is approximately one week. However, it is important to note that this is an approximation that varies depending on several factors. In most situations, "harder" drugs - such as cocaine - exit the human body faster, while "softer" drugs like marijuana will remain in the system longer. Other factors that can impact detection time are:

  • The amount of the drug ingested plays a role; the more a person takes of a given substance, the longer it can be found in a urine test.
  • Frequency of use is a factor; a single use may not show up on a urine test but repetitive usage can be detected for a longer period of time.
  • An individual's metabolism also plays a role. Some people may metabolize drugs faster than others, which means those drugs could leave their system faster.

Customizing a Drug Panel

Marijuana and THC related drugs can be excluded from the 7 panel drug test. This is recommended for those being tested in states where marijuana has been legalized. Testing for certain substances can be added on as well, such as alcohol, nicotine, oxycodone, or hydrocodone.

How long does it take to get back drug test results?

Results take about one business day for negatives, and three to five business days to confirm non-negatives.

  5 Panel 7 Panel 9 Panel 10 Panel 12 Panel 14 Panel 16 Panel 20 Panel 22 Panel
Marijuana check check check check check check check check check
Cocaine check check check check check check check check check
Basic Opiates check check check check check check check check check
Amphetamines check check check check check check check check check
PCP check check check check check check check check check
Ecstasy check check check check check check
Hydrocodone check check check check check check
Benzodiazepines check check check check check check check
Barbiturates check check check check check check check
Methadone check check check check check check check
Propoxyphene check check check check check check check
Methaqualone
(Quaaludes)
check check check check check check
Demerol check check check check
Tramadol check check check check
Fentanyl check check check
Suboxone check check check
Ketamine check check
Naloxone check check
Butorphanol check check
Nalbuphine check check
Antihistamines check
Zolpidem
(Ambien)
check

Certified Medical Review Officer:

Health Street uses only the most reputable, highly respected laboratories for drug testing analysis. The results are reviewed at a SAMHSA certified laboratory by a Medical Review Officer, who is also a licensed physician.

5 Panel Drug Test

The 5 panel drug test is the most common and least expensive drug test. Originally, this was the same as a DOT drug test, required by the Department of Transportation (DOT) for safety-sensitive workers in all modes of transportation, but they’ve since upgraded their requirements.

Collection Method(s):The 5 panel drug test is commonly ordered as urine drug test. But we can also test hair follicles.

List of drugs tested

  • Marijuana (including THC and Cannabinoids) - The detection window for marijuana is up to 30 days from the last use. However, detection windows vary greatly for users, depending on the frequency of use and drug potency.
  • Cocaine - The detection window for this cocaine in a urine drug test is 3-7 days.
  • Basic Opiates (includes Heroin, Codeine, and Morphine) The detection window for these drugs in a urine test is 3-7 days.
  • Phencyclidine (PCP, Angel Dust) - Much like marijuana, detection windows can vary greatly depending on the frequency of use, ranging anywhere from a few days up to 4-5 weeks from the last use.
  • Amphetamines (includes Ritalin, Adderall) - These drugs impact the central nervous system, and are commonly associated with ADD/ADHD conditions. The detection window for amphetamines in a urine test is 3-7 days.

6 Panel Drug Test

The 6 panel drug test often referred to as the MDMA/Ecstasy drug test. It screens for all the drugs in the 5 panel with the added MDMA component.

Collection Method(s): The 6 panel drug test is available as a urine drug screen or a hair follicle test.

List of drugs tested

  • Marijuana (including THC and Cannabinoids)
  • Cocaine
  • Basic Opiates (includes Heroin , Codeine, and Morphine )
  • Phencyclidine (PCP, Angel Dust)
  • Amphetamines (includes Ritalin, Adderall)
  • Ecstasy (Includes Molly and MDMA) - The detection window for ecstasy is 2-4 days.

7 Panel DOT Mirror Drug Test

The 7 panel drug test is sometimes called the DOT Mirror drug test because it is a non-DOT look-alike panel that matches the current DOT drug test requirements. This panel screens for the basic drug-set, with the addition of expanded opiates, Ecstasy (MDMA).

Collection Method(s): The 7 panel drug test is available as a urine drug screen or a hair follicle test.

List of drugs tested

  • Marijuana (including THC and Cannabinoids)
  • Cocaine
  • Basic Opiates (includes Heroin , Codeine, and Morphine )
  • Phencyclidine (PCP, Angel Dust)
  • Amphetamines
  • Ecstasy (Includes Molly and MDMA)
  • 6 AM - 6-Acetylmorphine (6 AM) is often detected soon after heroine use. It's a metabolite of both Heroine and Morphine. Finding traces of 6 AM in the Urine are solid indicators of recent heroine use.

9 Panel Drug Test

The 9 panel drug test is and expanded drug screen panel which includes commonly used prescription drugs such as Benzodiazepines (Xanax, Klonopin) and Barbituates.

Collection Methods(s): The 9 panel drug test can be conducted using a urine or hair follicle sample.

List of drugs tested

  • Marijuana (including THC and Cannabinoids)
  • Cocaine
  • Basic Opiates (includes Heroin, Codeine, and Morphine)
  • (PCP, Angel Dust)
  • Amphetamines
  • Benzodiazepines (Xanax, Klonopin, Ativan, Klonopin, and Librium) - The detection window for this drug, also known as Benzos is 1-3 days.
  • Barbiturates (Veronal, Medinal) - The drug detection window for barbituates is up to 5 days from the last ingestion.
  • Methadone - The drug detection window for methadone is 3-7 days.
  • Propoxyphene - The detection window for Propoxyphene is 5-7 days.

10 Panel Drug Test

The 10 panel drug test looks at all the basic street drugs found in a 9 panel with the added benefit of scanning for Methaqualone (Quaaludes), and commonly used opiates.

Collection Method(s): Available in both urine and hair follicle drug test.

List of drugs tested

  • Marijuana (including THC and Cannabinoids)
  • Cocaine
  • Basic Opiates (includes Heroin , Codeine, and Morphine )
  • Phencyclidine (PCP, Angel Dust)
  • Amphetamines (includes Methamphetamine)
  • Benzodiazepines (Xanax, Klonopin, Ativan, Klonopin, and Librium)
  • Barbiturates (Veronal, Medinal)
  • Methadone - The drug detection window for methadone is 3-7 days.
  • Propoxyphene - The detection window for Propoxyphene is 5-7 days.
  • Methaqualone (Quaaludes)

11 Panel drug test is the same as the 10 panel, but it tests for ecstasy as well.

12 Panel Drug Test

The 12 Panel drug test is an in-depth drug screening offering the best value for most employers. It includes a basic 10Panel drug test with the addition of prescription opiates like oxycodone and hydrocodone, plus ecstasy/MDMA.

Collection Method(s): The 12 panel drug screen can be done as urine or hair follicle test. Hair follicle provides a further lookback window for certain drugs.

List of drugs tested

  • Marijuana (including THC and Cannabinoids)
  • Cocaine
  • Basic Opiates (includes Heroin , Codeine, and Morphine )
  • Phencyclidine (PCP, Angel Dust)
  • Amphetamines (includes Methamphetamine)
  • Benzodiazepines (Xanax, Klonopin, Ativan, Klonopin, and Librium)
  • Barbiturates (Veronal, Medinal)
  • Methadone
  • Propoxyphene
  • Methaqualone (Quaaludes)
  • Expanded Amphetamines (MDMA, 6 AM, Ecstasy, and Molly) - The detection window for these drugs ranges from 8 hours to 4 days.
  • Expanded Opiates (Percodan, Percocet, Oxycodone, Oxymorphone, Hydrocodone) - The detection windows for these drugs is 1-3 days.

14 Panel Drug Test

The 14 panel test is best known for the ability to pick up on the use of the highly addictive pain killers Tramadol and Demerol. Both these medications are used to treat severe pain, but extended use can create a strong dependency and furthermore, addiction.

Collection Method(s): A 14 panel drug screen can be done using a urine or hair follicle sample.

List of drugs tested

  • Marijuana (including THC and Cannabinoids)
  • Cocaine
  • Basic Opiates (includes Heroin , Codeine, and Morphine)
  • Phencyclidine (PCP, Angel Dust)
  • Amphetamines (includes Methamphetamine)
  • Benzodiazepines (Xanax, Klonopin, Ativan, Klonopin, and Librium)
  • Barbiturates (Veronal, Medinal)
  • Methadone
  • Propoxyphene
  • Methaqualone (Quaaludes)
  • Expanded Amphetamines (MDMA, 6 AM, Ecstasy, and Molly)
  • Expanded Opiates (Percodan, Percocet, Oxycodone, Oxymorphone, Hydrocodone)
  • Tramadol (ConZip, FusePaq Synapryn, Rybix ODT, Ryzolt, Ultram and Ultram ER) The detection window for Tramadol is 3-4 days.
  • Demerol (Meperidine) - The detection window for Demerol is 1-3 days.

16 Panel Drug Test

The 16 panel drug test screens for nearly all opioids. This panel tests for all the drugs found in earlier panels, with the addition of Suboxone, a legal narcotic that can be used to combat opioid dependency. Fentanyl, which has recently seen a surge in usage over the last few years, is also included.

Collection Method(s): A 16 panel drug test can be performed using either a urine or hair follicle sample.

List of drugs Tested

  • Marijuana (including THC and Cannabinoids)
  • Cocaine 
  • Basic Opiates (includes Heroin , Codeine, and Morphine)
  • Phencyclidine (PCP, Angel Dust) 
  • Amphetamines (includes Methamphetamine) 
  • Benzodiazepines (Xanax, Klonopin, Ativan, Klonopin, and Librium)
  • Barbiturates (Veronal, Medinal)
  • Methadone 
  • Propoxyphene 
  • Methaqualone (Quaaludes)
  • Expanded Amphetamines (MDMA, 6 AM, Ecstasy, and Molly) 
  • Expanded Opiates (Percodan, Percocet, Oxycodone, Oxymorphone, Hydrocodone) 
  • Tramadol (ConZip, FusePaq Synapryn, Rybix ODT, Ryzolt, Ultram and Ultram ER)
  • Demerol (Meperidine)
  • Suboxone - (Is a combination of Buprenorphine and Naloxone) - The detection window for Suboxone is up to two weeks after consumption.
  • Fentanyl - The detection window for this drug is up to two days after consumption.

20-Panel Urine Drug Test

If you’re not sure what drugs are being used, then the best solution is a 20-panel drug test, which includes virtually all opioids, plus Ketamine, Naloxone, Butorphanol, and Naltrexone.

Collection Method(s): For a 20-panel drug test collection methods either a urine or hair follicle sample.

List of drugs Tested

  • Marijuana (including THC and Cannabinoids)
  • Cocaine
  • Basic Opiates (includes Heroin , Codeine, and Morphine)
  • Phencyclidine (PCP, Angel Dust)
  • Amphetamines (includes Methamphetamine)
  • Benzodiazepines (Xanax, Klonopin, Ativan, Klonopin, and Librium)
  • Barbiturates (Veronal, Medinal)
  • Methadone
  • Propoxyphene
  • Methaqualone (Quaaludes)
  • Expanded Amphetamines (MDMA, 6 AM, Ecstasy, and Molly)
  • Expanded Opiates (Percodan, Percocet, Oxycodone, Oxymorphone, Hydrocodone)
  • Tramadol (ConZip, FusePaq Synapryn, Rybix ODT, Ryzolt, Ultram and Ultram ER)
  • Demerol (Meperidine)
  • Suboxone - (Is a combination of Buprenorphine and Naloxone)
  • Fentanyl
  • Ketamine (Special K, Vitamin K, Kitkat, Blind Squid) - The detection window for Ketamine is up to two weeks after the last use.
  • Naloxone - The detection window for this drug is approximately 1 day.
  • Butorphanol - This drug can be detected for up to 4 days after use.
  • Naltrexone - This drug can be detected for approximately 4-6 hours after use.

22 Panel Drug Test

The 22 Panel drug test is an ultra-comprehensive panel that screens for virtually every opiate and narcotic substance, plus sleeping medicines, including Ambien.

Collection Method(s): The two available collection methods for a 22 panel drug test are urine or hair follicle sample.

List of drugs Tested

  • Marijuana (including THC and Cannabinoids)
  • Cocaine
  • Basic Opiates (includes Heroin , Codeine, and Morphine )
  • Phencyclidine (PCP, Angel Dust)
  • Amphetamines (includes Methamphetamine)
  • Benzodiazepines (Xanax, Klonopin, Ativan, Klonopin, and Librium)
  • Barbiturates (Veronal, Medinal)
  • Methadone
  • Propoxyphene
  • Methaqualone (Quaaludes)
  • Expanded Amphetamines (MDMA, 6 AM, Ecstasy, and Molly)
  • Expanded Opiates (Percodan, Percocet, Oxycodone, Oxymorphone, Hydrocodone) 
  • Tramadol (ConZip, FusePaq Synapryn, Rybix ODT, Ryzolt, Ultram and Ultram ER)
  • Demerol (Meperidine)
  • Suboxone - (Is a combination of Buprenorphine and Naloxone)
  • Fentanyl 
  • Ketamine (Special K, Vitamin K, Kitkat, Blind Squid)
  • Naloxone
  • Butorphanol
  • Naltrexone
  • Antidepressants, Antihistamines
  • Zolpidem (Ambien, Sleep Medications)

FAQ’s About The Different Types of Drug Testing Panels

What About Alcohol?

Many of our drug panels include the option to also screen for alcohol use. When combined with a traditional panel, adding alcohol screening to the drug test saves money. A drug test that includes alcohol is commonly ordered for court related purposes such as probation, child custody, and pretrial services.

Which Drug Panel Test Should You Choose?

Now that you know what each panel picks up on, you might be wondering what drugs you should screen for and which you don’t. The right drug panel test for your company’s screening process depends on factors like your legal requirements, your industry, and your geographic location.

Regional Considerations

With today’s opiate crisis, a 5 panel test isn’t enough to screen for prescription drugs that are abused, like oxycodone, ecstasy, and fentanyl. When deciding on a test, you may want to research which drugs are the biggest problems in your state. For example, Alabama, Arkansas, and Tennessee have the largest number of opioid prescriptions per capita, making them ground zero for the opioid crisis. Likewise, Michigan, New York, and Indiana have the highest rates of crystal meth use.

Industry-Specific Concerns

Besides taking your region’s drug problems into consideration, you also want to look at industry-specific concerns. If you’re in the health care or veterinary industry, where employees have access to prescription drugs, it’s important to be as comprehensive in your testing as possible.

If you’re in the construction industry or your employees operate heavy machinery, a lack of alertness caused by drug abuse is a safety concern, so consider a test with 12 or more panels. If your employees are white-collar workers in stressful positions, you may want to consider tests that include cocaine, ecstasy, and expanded opiates.

Meeting Your Drug-Free Workplace Goals with the Right Drug Screens

Employee drug testing not only helps protect your company’s reputation and level of productivity but also makes your work environment safer for your employees. According to the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependency (NCADD), as much as 70 percent of all drug abusers are employed, which highlights the problem facing employers that do not test for drugs regularly.

It’s been shown that drug use increases the rate of unexcused absences, tardiness, injuries and worker’s compensation claims. A random drug screening program for both new and existing employees can improve employee retention; it also serves to deter drug users from applying in the first place.

Other than the factors already mentioned, you may also base your decision on how strict you want your drug-free workplace policy to be. The more panels in your screening, the more drug-free your workplace will be, which generally translates to higher productivity and employee retention rates. So you can order the perfect fit to meet your company’s unique needs. Ready to schedule a drug panel today?

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