West Virginia Titer Testing

Some West Virginia employers require antibody testing, also known as titer testing, as part of their pre-employment screening process. Existing employees may also be tested periodically as part of the process to ensure safety in the workplace, especially for industries such as healthcare or education. Titer testing is the first step to determining if someone is immune to certain diseases, such as varicella (Chickenpox), hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, measles, mumps, rubella, or COVID-19. If the antibody test indicates that an individual is not immune, Health Street can also provide services for vaccines and immunizations.

To register online for a titer test in West Virginia, simply click the “Register Now” button below. To schedule via phone or to contact us with questions regarding your antibody testing services, please reach us at (888) 378-2499.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Does West Virginia require you to titer test?

West Virginia titer test regulations and vaccine laws do not require titer testing or vaccinations. Although vaccinations are not required in West Virginia, employers in certain industries like healthcare may require that staff is immunized against certain contagious diseases. In this case, titer testing can be used to demonstrate immunity, thereby preventing contagious diseases from spreading.

Although West Virginia antibody test regulations do not require titer tests or vaccines, employers should still consider federal guidelines.

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What is different with federal regulations?

The federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) don’t require vaccinations or titer testing but offer recommendations.

OSHA recommends that healthcare workers and those in industries at risk for communicable diseases be vaccinated for COVID-19.

The CDC recommends that employees in healthcare or high-risk industries have immunity to or be vaccinated against the following vaccines: measles, mumps, rubella (MMR), Tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis (Tdap), meningitis, hepatitis B, varicella, and influenza.

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Why are antibody tests (titer tests) important?

Antibody tests check for antibodies of contagious diseases in the blood and determine whether or not that individual has immunity. A positive test indicates immunity, and that person can avoid unnecessary or duplicate vaccinations.

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What do titer tests test for?

Titer tests test for the presence of antibodies to certain contagious diseases in the blood. These diseases include measles, mumps, rubella, tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis, hepatitis, meningitis, and COVID-19. A positive test determines that a person is immune to that particular disease.

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What does a positive titer test mean?

A positive titer test means that antibodies were present in the blood, and that the tested individual has immunity to the disease. A negative test determines there is no immunity, and that person should consider vaccination.

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What is an antibody titer score?

To produce an antibody titer score, a person’s serum is diluted and then retested for antibodies. If antibodies can still be detected, then the serum is diluted and then tested again. This process is repeated until the person’s serum has been diluted as much as possible, but the presence of antibodies can still be detected.

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West Virginia Antibody Industry Regulations

West Virginia titer test regulations do not require employers to ensure immunity or vaccinations among their employees. However, employers in high-risk industries like healthcare may require their employees to be vaccinated. Employers in West Virginia have the right to ask for proof of immunity or vaccination as a condition of employment, but they don’t have to.

Employers in West Virginia may accept titer tests from their employees to show immunity. If employees already have immunity to certain diseases, unnecessary or duplicate vaccinations can be avoided.

Some universities in West Virginia require vaccinations for their students. These vaccines may include MMR, meningitis, polio, Tdap, and hepatitis B. Healthcare students may require additional vaccines. Titer testing may be acceptable for proving immunity to these diseases in some situations.

West Virginia Contagious Disease Statistics

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In 2014 in West Virginia, there were 473 deaths related to flu and pneumonia, which was the ninth leading cause of death in the state that year.
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This number increased to 526 in 2015.
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There were 423 flu and pneumonia-related deaths in West Virginia in 2016.
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In 2017, there were 458 flu and pneumonia-related deaths.
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In 2018 in West Virginia, there were 2732 confirmed cases of hepatitis. The average age of these cases was 37, and of these confirmed cases, there were 23 deaths.

Citations

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"Protecting Workers: Guidance on Mitigating and Preventing the Spread of COVID-19 in the Workplace." United States Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), https://www.osha.gov/coronavirus/safework
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"Recommended Vaccines for Healthcare Workers." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/adults/rec-vac/hcw.html
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"State Immunization Laws for Healthcare Workers and Patients." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), https://www2a.cdc.gov/vaccines/statevaccsApp/AdministrationbyPatientType.asp?PatientTypetmp=Hospital%20Employees
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Davis, Moriah. "Is it legal for my employer to require the COVID-19 vaccine?" WOWKTV, 19 April 2021, https://www.wowktv.com/news/west-virginia/is-it-legal-for-my-employer-to-require-the-covid-19-vaccine/
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"Immunizations." West Virginia University, Talent and Culture, https://talentandculture.wvu.edu/student-insurance/immunizations
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"Stats of the State of West Virginia." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/pressroom/states/westvirginia/westvirginia.htm
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"Multistate Hepatitis A Outbreak." Office of Epidemiology & Prevention Services, West Virginia Department of Health & Human Resources, Bureau for Public Health, https://oeps.wv.gov/ob_hav/pages/default.aspx#box