Missouri Marijuana Compliance

Missouri marijuana laws have legalized medicinal marijuana, but recreational marijuana laws still consider the drug illegal in Missouri. Furthermore, Missouri employers are not required to accommodate employees with medical marijuana cards, nor does the law prohibit them from testing workers for marijuana use as part of their drug-free workplace program.

Federal laws are similar to Missouri marijuana laws in that recreational marijuana is also illegal under federal law. It’s important to become familiar with marijuana state vs. federal laws and Missouri marijuana compliance guidelines.

Here are some common questions and answers regarding Missouri marijuana laws.

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This Information Is Not Intended for Legal Purposes

The information provided on this page is intended for your own knowledge, and should not be used for legal matters. Since marijuana testing regulations can vary, we advise you to seek the guidance of expert legal counsel when creating your company’s substance abuse screening program.

Missouri Marijuana Compliance

Missouri Marijuana Laws

Overall Status: Partially Legal

Medicinal marijuana is legal in Missouri for qualifying patients that meet certain medical conditions. However, recreational marijuana remains illegal.

Medical Marijuana: Legal

Medicinal marijuana in Missouri is legal to qualifying patients. To qualify for medical marijuana in the state, patients must be diagnosed with certain medical conditions, such as cancer, epilepsy, glaucoma, intractable migraines or a terminal illness.

Patients may purchase up to four ounces every 30 days and may cultivate up to six flowering plants in their homes. Medical marijuana may be purchased from Missouri-licensed dispensaries.

Decriminalized: Yes

Missouri has not fully decriminalized marijuana but has decriminalized it to a certain degree. Although marijuana is not legal in the state, the first-time possession of marijuana in a small amount does not result in prison time and is rather treated like a minor traffic violation.

Recreational Marijuana: Illegal

Recreational marijuana is illegal in Missouri. The sale, trafficking, and cultivation of marijuana are considered felonies, according to Missouri marijuana laws.

Frequently Asked Questions

Marijuana is partially legal in marijuana. Medicinal marijuana is legal for qualifying patients. However, marijuana state vs. federal laws are similar when it comes to recreational marijuana since marijuana is illegal for recreational use.

Since police powers are generally delegated to each state, state prosecutions may be eliminated under state law, even though marijuana remains illegal federally. Federal prosecutions cannot be prevented by the state but are very rare.

Are there any unique laws about marijuana in Missouri?

In 2014, the criminal code in Missouri was rewritten so that there is no jail time for the possession of 10 grams or less of marijuana. A first-time offense is a misdemeanor with a punishment of a fine only.

Marijuana state vs. federal laws are not always the same. Marijuana is considered a Schedule 1 drug and remains illegal under federal law. However, some states have legalized marijuana for recreational and medical purposes.

What is Missouri’s history with marijuana?

On November 6, 2018, Missouri passed the Medical Marijuana and Veteran Healthcare Services Initiative, legalizing medicinal marijuana for patients who qualify. Although there is a new campaign in 2022 to pass adult-use legalization, as of now, recreational marijuana is illegal in Missouri.

What is the punishment for possession in Missouri?

In Missouri, the possession of marijuana of up to 10 grams for the first offense is a misdemeanor with a maximum fine of $500. For a second offense of this amount, the punishment is up to one year in jail and a fine of $2,000. Thirty-five grams to 30 kg is a felony, resulting in up to seven years in jail and a fine of up to $10,000. The sale, trafficking, or distribution of marijuana in any amount is a felony in Missouri.

Drug Panels That Exclude Marijuana

Urine Drug Panels That Exclude Marijuana Testing

Some of the popular drug panels that remove marijuana testing are listed below:

Also try taking a look at our comprehensive list of urine drug tests that exclude marijuana, where you’ll find a complete list of drug tests that do not include THC testing under the “Exclude Marijuana” section.

Hair Drug Panels That Exclude Marijuana Testing

Two of our popular hair tests allow for the option to exclude marijuana from the panel of substances being tested. These include:

For a complete list of our hair drug tests, take a look at our comprehensive list of hair tests.

Drug Panels That Include Marijuana

Urine Drug Panels That Include Marijuana Testing

Many of our testing options include marijuana testing. Below are some of the most popular urine drug tests including marijuana:

Also try taking a look at our comprehensive list of urine drug tests that include marijuana.

Hair Drug Panels That Include Marijuana Testing

Our variety of hair drug tests include many options for marijuana testing. Some of the most commonly ordered hair drug tests are:

A comprehensive list of the hair drug tests that we offer can be found here.


“Missouri Laws and Penalties.” NORML, https://norml.org/laws/missouri-penalties-2/
“Missouri Medical Marijuana Law.” NORML, https://norml.org/laws/medical-laws/missouri-medical-marijuana-law/
Hagan, John C. III. “No Legal Recreational Marijuana in Missouri: We Have Enough Problems with Addiction!” Mo Med, Seot-Oct 2020, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7723140/
“Missouri Goes Green: What Employers Need to Know About the State’s New Medical Marijuana Law.” Ogletree Deakins, 27 November 2018, https://ogletree.com/insights/missouri-goes-green-what-employers-need-to-know-about-the-states-new-medical-marijuana-law/
“Medical Marijuana – General FAQs.” Missouri Department of Health & Senior Services, https://health.mo.gov/safety/medical-marijuana/faqs-general.php
“Qualifying Medical Conditions.” Missouri Department of Health & Senior Services, https://health.mo.gov/safety/medical-marijuana/how-to-apply.php#patientinfo
“New 2022 campaign aims to place adult-use legalization proposal on the ballot.” Marijuana Policy Project, https://www.mpp.org/states/missouri/