DNA Testing in Frederick, Maryland

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Health Street offers DNA testing, legal paternity tests, and sibling DNA tests in Frederick, Maryland at 5 conveniently located testing laboratories. Register now, or call us at (240) 415-9119 with any questions. Our paternity testing (including grandparent DNA tests, avuncular (aunt or uncle) testing, and postmortem DNA testing) determines if two or more people are related.

Schedule your DNA test appointment online. Our legal DNA test results can be used in court for matters such as: child support, birth certificates, and custody cases. Appointments can be scheduled together or separately. Legal DNA tests are done by cheek swab at our testing centers. We also offer home DNA test kits for peace of mind. DNA can be tested from hair, fingernails, and other specimens.

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DNA Testing Frederick MD

Frederick MD DNA Testing Locations

Paternity Testing in Frederick MD

There are several types of DNA testing services that are offered at our Frederick testing centers to validate close family relationships. The most commonly ordered DNA test is a legal paternity test to conclusively establish whether or not a man is the biological father of a child. Health Street's 21 marker DNA paternity testing is the state of the art. Our paternity test results are statistically conclusive at the rate of 99.9% or greater.

Other DNA Tests

Relationship Tests to validate grandparent to grandchild, siblings, half-siblings, aunts, and uncles:

Grandparent DNA Test (if the father is not available for testing)
Sibling DNA Test (possible brothers, sisters, or half-siblings)
Avuncular DNA Test (aunt/uncle and niece/nephew)

DNA tests such as sibling or avuncular studies, can sometimes come back with a result of less than 95% certainty. This is normal, especially if only two parties participate in the test. Adding an additional close relative to the test helps us learn more about the family's DNA composition and typically leads to a more conclusive result.

Specimens we can test for DNA

The easiest and most reliable way to perform a genetic sample collection for a paternity test is by a swab of the inner cheeks. These skin cells, known as buccal cells, rub off easily onto cotton swabs and remain in place, to be extracted by our testing laboratories for analysis.

Other specimens, such as hair follicles, fingernails, and garments that might contain someone's DNA, can also undergo lab testing to see if there is a match. These non-standard DNA tests are done by registering online for an Alternative Specimen DNA Test (Nails, Teeth, Fabric). Once registered, you ship the DNA sample to our lab. We'll attempt to extract the DNA and compare it to a cheek swab of the other party.

Legal DNA Tests vs. "Peace of Mind" At-Home Tests

When deciding which type of DNA test is right for you, consider first what you might do with the results. In order for the results to hold up in court, the DNA specimen must be collected at a clinic using strict chain of custody procedures. The DNA testing technicians at our Frederick test centers are trained to follow guidelines that ensure that the results can be used for legal purposes.

The results of our legal DNA tests can be used for any legal purpose:

to change the name on a birth certificate
to petition for child support
to petition for survivor benefits
for child custody arrangements
to alter inheritance procedures or wills

Home tests offer more flexibility:

Home DNA tests are specimens containing DNA (or possible DNA) that are shipped to us for analysis. The results of these home tests cannot be used in court (since there is no way to prove whose specimens were actually sent). However, the tests are just as accurate and can provide peace of mind. At-home DNA tests also offer a lot more flexibility.

In addition to commonly mailed in DNA specimens like hair follicles, we can also extract DNA from other bodily fluids. We can even try and lift the DNA left on items like clothing, a toothbrush, or a straw. If we can get the DNA from the alternative item, we can then compare it to another person to see if they are related. Some examples include:

Stained garments
Mucus and other bodily fluids
Soda cans
Chewing gum

How to schedule a DNA Test in Frederick MD

Scheduling a DNA test at one of our Frederick clinics is simple and fast, and we often have appointments available in the same week, though it's always helpful to schedule in advance to make sure you get the time you want. We have clinics in Frederick, plus many more throughout Maryland and across the United States. During registration, we'll show you the nearest locations so you can choose the one that's most convenient. You'll pick the times and days that you prefer.

You can set up separate appointments for each of the people being tested, either at the same location or at different locations. You'll get an email and text message with your appointment information. There is no fee if you need to change the time or location of a DNA test appointment at any time.

How long it takes to get results of a DNA test

Paternity tests conducted at one of our Frederick facilities typically take about a week to come back. Other relationship tests, such as sibling studies, can take a few days longer to come back. When the results are ready, you are notified immediately via email. Then, the hard copies of the paperwork are sent afterward via regular mail.

The DNA test appointment - what to expect and what to bring

The appointment itself only takes about 15 minutes. The specimen collection process is a simple and painless cheek swab. No needles are used. When you're being tested at our Frederick clinic, you'll be asked to provide fingerprints and to show photo identification. We'll also take pictures of the people being tested so that the final report will include legal assurances of who was actually tested.

For infants, hospital discharge papers qualify as identification. Otherwise, a birth certificate or social security card can be used as ID for a child. No other preparations are required for this appointment.

Does the mother need to be present at a paternity test?

If a man is considered the legal father of a child, then the mother does not have to be present or give consent for paternity testing. However, if he is not currently considered the legal father, then he cannot sign for the child. Therefore, the mother does need to be there. If neither parent is available, other legal guardians can bring the child so long as they have the right to make medical decisions on the child's behalf.

DNA testing if one party is not in Frederick

The two parties testing (for example: father and child) do not have to be tested at the same time or even at the same location. We have many clinics across Maryland as well as nationwide, so we can test one party in Frederick and the other party anywhere else in the USA. The specimens are then matched up in the lab for analysis.

Laboratory certifications

Health Street works strictly with AABB Certified labs for DNA testing. All specimens that are collected in Frederick or elsewhere are shipped securely from our testing locations to a nationally certified laboratory.

Why Health Street

A Decade Plus of Experience

Health Street has provided DNA tests since 2010. The first DNA test we performed in Frederick, MD was in 2018.

Commitment to Community

We are proud to offer the best DNA testing in Frederick, Maryland.

Frederick, Maryland - DNA Testing

Establishing paternity in Frederick, Maryland

Under Maryland law, when unmarried people have a baby, the only legal parent recognized by the law is the mother. If the father wants parental rights and wants the child to have essential benefits, then paternity must be established. Outside of marriage, there are two ways parents can establish paternity.

  1. Affidavit of Paternity (AOP): If the parents are together, have no doubts about paternity, and have a good relationship, signing the Affidavit of Paternity may be the simplest option. This document is a sworn statement that requires witnesses during the signing process. It is often completed at the birthing center or hospital shortly after the baby is born, and the staff can assist with the process. It is important to note that the AOP is a legally binding document, so it should only be signed if there are no doubts about paternity, as it can be challenging to overturn once it is signed and filed.
  2. Court Order: If either parent has doubts about paternity or wishes to establish paternity through a more formal legal process, they can go to court. In such cases, the judge has the authority to order DNA testing. The DNA test is a reliable method of determining paternity. After paternity has been established, the court can address matters such as financial obligations, residency, visitation, and custody.

Health Street's DNA testing services can help parents establish paternity. Our tests are 99.9% accurate and involve a simple cheek swab, making the process quick and painless.

Frederick, MD: Benefits of establishing paternity

If parents are deciding whether to establish paternity, consider the following reasons:

The child can gain full access to medical history from both sides of the family, which can help diagnose hereditary illnesses and diseases
The child can get life and health insurance, social security, and veterans benefits and will be able to inherit from the father
The child can be supported emotionally and financially by both parents, and it gives them a better sense of identity
Parents can share the rights and responsibilities such as custody, visitation hours, and financial support.
Parents can make important decisions about the child's life together, especially regarding health, education, and upbringing

Last updated 4/25/2023

Neighborhoods Served in Frederick

Field Pointe
Millies Delight
College Estates
Riverside Corporate Park
Willow Brook
Linden Hills
Riverside Center
Hawthorne Ridge

Additional Services

Health Street offers a variety of other services, including:


Castillo, A. (2013, July 31). Paternity in Maryland. www.divorcenet.com. Retrieved April 25, 2023, from https://www.divorcenet.com/resources/paternity-maryland.html
Establishing paternity can benefit your maryland family: Law office of Kevin L. Beard, P.A.: Catonsville Maryland. Law Office of Kevin L. Beard, P.A. (n.d.). Retrieved April 25, 2023, from https://www.kevinbeardlaw.com/articles/establishing-paternity-can-benefit-your-maryland-family/