Workplace Drug Testing Laws in Pennsylvania
The state of Pennsylvania is considered an “open” state as it pertains to employee drug testing laws. There are currently no statutes or employer regulations that restrict how drug and alcohol testing may be completed for workplace purposes. However, Pennsylvania employers who hire for safety-sensitive positions, such as those that must possess a commercial driver’s license (CDL), may have mandated testing and should always review their organization’s policy first.
Although no Pennsylvania employee drug testing laws are in place, it’s best for employers to establish and outline a drug-free workplace policy if they wish to conduct applicant and employee drug testing. A detailed layout of your company’s drug testing policy can help educate employees and applicants on expectations to further reduce the chance of workplace complications.
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Pennsylvania Drug Testing Compliance
Pennsylvania Drug Testing Laws Without Restrictions
|Drug Test Issue||Remarks|
|Instant or POCT Testing||There are currently no workplace drug testing laws in Pennsylvania that prevent employers from conducting drug and alcohol screenings using instant or POCT devices.|
|Random Testing||Currently, there are no Pennsylvania drug testing compliance laws in place that control whether or not an employer can conduct random drug and alcohol testing for workplace purposes.|
|Specimens Tested||The state of Pennsylvania possesses no drug testing legislature that outlines what specific specimens can and cannot be collected for drug and alcohol testing purposes.|
|Workers Comp||There are no workplace drug testing laws in the state of Pennsylvania that prohibit employers from conducting post-accident drug tests for purposes of workers’ comp. Pennsylvania workers’ compensations laws state that if evidence of illegal drug use is identified, then compensation can be denied.|
|Substances Screened||There is no drug testing legislation that outlines the specific types of substances that can be screened for drug and alcohol testing purposes. At a minimum, we recommend a 5-panel drug test that covers marijuana, cocaine, opiates, phencyclidine (PCP), and amphetamines.|
|Laboratories||Current Pennsylvania law does not specify laboratory requirements for drug and alcohol testing purposes.|
|Testing for Alcohol||There are no established Pennsylvania drug testing compliance laws that prohibit employers from conducting alcohol testing.|
Conditional Pennsylvania Drug Testing Laws
|Drug Test Issue||Remarks|
|Recreational Marijuana||Under current Pennsylvania legislation, the recreational consumption of marijuana is prohibited. Likewise, there is no state legislation that prevents employers from conducting marijuana drug screenings. For Philadelphia employers, refer to the medical marijuana issue above for an understanding of city-specific employer restrictions regarding marijuana.|
|Medical Marijuana||In 2016, the state of Pennsylvania passed legislation that legalized the consumption of marijuana for medical purposes. On a state level, there are no established employee drug testing laws that restrict employers from conducting marijuana drug testing. On the other hand, the city of Philadelphia passed legislation in 2020 that prohibits employers from testing applicants for the presence of marijuana with certain exceptions for specific safety-sensitive sectors.|
Other Services We Provide in Pennsylvania
If you’re looking for drug testing information related to a specific city in the state of Pennsylvania, try taking a look at our Pennsylvania clinic locations page. From there, you can select your city’s drug testing or DNA testing page to learn more.
We also offer Pennsylvania Background Checks. For more information, visit our Pennsylvania background check page.
This Information Is Not Intended for Legal Purposes
The information provided on this page is intended for your own knowledge, and should not be used for legal matters. Please seek the advice of a legal expert regarding legal advice for drug testing laws in your state.