Legal DNA Testing Services
A legal DNA test is a type of DNA test that is performed using strict “chain of custody” procedures that first establish the legal identity of the persons being tested; the resulting report is court admissible. Typically, professional technicians collect buccal cell specimens from the inner cheeks using simple cotton swabs, and take photographs of the participants. Government issued ID is typically required.
About Legal DNA Testing Services
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How Does it Work?>
Health Street's legal DNA tests are administered by one of our professional technicians at a clinic, or by home or hospital visit. Specimens must be collected from both parties, but they don't have to be collected at the same time or in the same location. However, appointments are required.
What's the different between Legal vs. Non-Legal DNA tests>
The key difference between a legal test and a non-legal test (a/k/a home test or peace of mind test) is the identification of the parties at the time of specimen collection, and the adherence to a strict chain of custody procedure which ensures the specimens remain tied to the paperwork which identifies the participants.
To determine whether you need a legal test or a non-legal test, simply consider the future: if you can envision that the results of the test might be needed for some type of legal matter at any point, then go for the legal test.
Other factors to consider include the professionalism of getting the test done in a clinical environment, and the extra assurance that the specimens are collected properly by trained technicians. If this is important to you, then get the legal test.
Can hair be used for legal DNA test?>
Hair that someone brings into a clinic cannot be used for a legal DNA test, simply because the technician cannot be certain whose head the hair came from. Hair can be used, however, for a non-legal test. But, the results of a non-legal test cannot be used in court.
Can a legal test be done if father is deceased?>
If the father recently passed, specimens can be collected from the cadaver, including hair, fingernails, blood (pre-embalming), and tissue. However, for the test to be considered legal and for the results to be valid in attempting to gain SSI or survivor's benefits, then proper identification and authorization from the deceased's custodian needs to be obtained prior to specimen collection. This test is best done as soon as possible after the demise of the alleged father.
Blood test vs. mouth swab?>
For a proper, legal DNA test to be performed, an inner-cheek swab of the properly identified parties to obtain their buccal cells is all that is necessary. Puncturing the arm to obtain blood is not required nor desired. Blood offers no advantages in terms of accuracy or number of chromosomes identified. Therefore, except in rare instances or in cases of prenatal paternity testing, a mouth swab is the preferred method to conduct a legal DNA test.